I turned to this book, knowing very little about its hero (and absolutely nothing about the author).
people offline and 90 thousand online. The scope of sciences is very wide: from genetic detective to elves and fairies (those from geophysics, not fantasy heroes), from quasars and radio interferometers to the origin of life. The partner of this section was the Russian Science Foundation, which carried out an examination of the entire content of the action. "Lab technicians" found out whether dinosaurs had cancer, whether human hair can turn gray overnight, whether it is true that diabetes is caused by …
In search of sterile neutrinos (p. 3)Vladimir Gavrin; Boris SternAn experiment to search for sterile neutrinos is in full swing at the Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences. More precisely, there are two such experiments at the institute, now we are talking about one of them: Baksan Experiment on Sterile Transitions, or simply BEST. On the day of science, February 8, the head of the experiment Vladimir Nikolaevich Gavrin, corresponding member RAS, was declared person of the year in Troitsk, which is an excellent reason to tell more about the experiment.
Vice-President of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexei Khokhlov on homeopathy (p. 3)Alexey KhokhlovAfter communicating with colleagues from the RAS Commission for Combating Pseudoscience, I decided to independently get acquainted with homeopathic and release-active drugs using physicochemical methods. To do this, I bought tablets of Anaferon, ArtroFoon, Ergoferon, Otsillococcinum and Subetta at the pharmacy and gave them for mass spectrometric analysis. I just got the results before the holidays. Samples were prepared like this …
Say a word about a poor monograph (p. 4)Dmitry GeltmanFor several weeks now, the scientific community has been trying to understand the intricacies of calculating the publication performance score, which will form the basis for the formation of a state task for scientific institutions. In this note, I will focus on the evaluation of such a type of scientific product as a monograph. The prevailing opinion is that monographs are written only by humanitarians. This is not entirely true. Monographs are an essential part of scientific production in the traditional fields of biology …
The Woman’s Question in the Bronze Age (p. 5)Maria Molina, Nodar LahutiRecent excavations in Central Anatolia provide a closer look at gender relations in the Late Bronze Age of the Ancient Near East. Unfortunately, in the Middle Ages and Modern Times, European women have lost their rights considerably compared to the era of the great kingdoms of the Bronze Age. The historian Nodar Lahuti talks about the "principle of patronage" – a key term referring to women’s opportunities in the legal field.
"Azat must be free" (p. 6-7)Svetlana Sidorkina, Azat Miftakhov; Natalia Demina; American Mathematical Society, Lavrentin HarutyunyanInterview with Svetlana Sidorkina, who defends the interests of a mathematician, a graduate student of the Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics of Moscow State University Azat Miftakhov. Statement by the American Mathematical Society on the Azat Miftakhov case. Lavrentin Harutyunyan, a lecturer at the HSE Faculty of Computer Science, comments on Azat’s scientific publication.
The life and anti-life of the physicist Ettore Majorana (p. 8-10)Vitaly MatsarskyIt seems that few people in our country know about the Italian theoretical physicist Ettore Majorana (1906 -?). But in vain. In my opinion, this gifted man and his unusual how many chapters are in 1984 by george orwell and mysterious fate deserve at least a short story …
Memoirs of the translator Evgeny Vitkovsky (p. 10-11)Alexey Tsvetkov, Yaroslav Startsev, Khanokh Dashevsky, Artyom Serebrennikov, Mikhail Savchenko, Nikon Kovalev, Mikhail Virozub, Elena KalashnikovaOn February 3, 2020, an outstanding translator Yevgeny Vitkovsky died. His translations from German, Dutch, Portuguese, Gaelic and many other languages opened entire continents of poetry to the Russian reader. Since 2003, Vitkovskiy has run the website and educational project "The Age of Translation", dedicated to the history and practice of poetic translation, on which more than one generation of translators has grown up. We have collected memoirs about Vitkovsky of his craft colleagues, poets and translators.
Is the bottom broken or is it still ahead? (p. 12)Andrey ZayakinUntil May 2018, there were two expert councils on economic sciences: on industrial and regional economics, headed by Academician B.N. Porfiriev, and on economic theory, finance and the world economy, headed by N.I. Ivanova. Dissernet II’s report “On two expert councils” collected ample evidence that the Porfiryevsk ES VAK from 2013 to 2018 worked as “a powerful laundry for laundering fake dissertations”. BN Porfiriev’s support in the expert council was, in particular, MI Lomakin and RM Nizhegorodtsev. At the same time, the ES VAK on economic theory worked more or less professionally.
Hamburg as a landmark (p. 13)Andrey Tsaturyan, Lev Zelyony, Elena Naimark, Alexander Markov, Alexander Kuleshov, Evgeny NasyrovThe editorial staff of Troitsky Variant congratulates Olga Orlova, a scientific journalist and TV presenter, on a glorious anniversary! Where else can you find so many real scientists on a broadcasting state channel talking to an intelligent, benevolent presenter, except on Olga Orlova’s OTR ?! It’s not that there are no alternative high-quality programs at all, they just cannot be compared with Olga’s programs in terms of their vitality and total mass.
E. E. Doc Smith – Father of the American Space Opera (p. 14-15)Alexander RechkinThe future writer was born to Fred J. Smith, a former whaler who worked in shipping on the Great Lakes, and Caroline Mills Smith, a housewife, on May 2, 1890, in the small town of Sheboygan, Wisconsin. He was the second of five children.
Permian man (p. 15)Yuri UgolnikovAnton Evgenievich Nelikhov has published another book on paleontology. However, its heroes are not ancient lizards and other fossil organisms (although they also have a place). This time the author tells about a man who gave his life to their research – Vladimir Prokhorovich Amalitsky (1859-1917). In my opinion, Anton Nelikhov has got a short, but quite detailed composition, with an excellent source base.
Two novelties in the world of books on mathematics (p. 15)Alexey SgibnevAlexey Sgibnev, a mathematics teacher at the Intellectual School, prepared two reviews for new books for TrV-Science. We bring them to your attention.
After the verdict (p. 16)Boris SternAlmost immediately after the verdict in the case of Seti (an organization banned in Russia), a group of scientists wrote a statement that was open for signing. On February 12, I published this text (without being its author) on my Facebook page, not suspecting that the media themselves would grab it in the blink of an eye …
Coronavirus and the Constitution (p. 16)Ivan EconomovWhat are the most pressing challenges facing our country at the moment? In my opinion, there are two of them – the coronavirus and the Constitution. It may seem a little strange to you that I put on the same level a malicious virus and a document that is fundamental for the life of Russia. But think about what the public is most worried about, what is the country’s leadership thinking about? That’s right, it’s about these two things.
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The first cry of neutrino astronomy (p. 1)Boris SternThe other day it was announced that the Ice Cube detector registered one neutrino of very high energy (at least 180 TeV) from the direction coinciding with an accuracy of half a degree with one of the blazars (TXS 0506, hereinafter we use the abbreviated name). There are also additional considerations confirming that this blazar is a neutrino source.
50 Years of Andrei Sakharov’s "Reflections …" on Progress, Peace and Freedom (p. 2-3)Gennady GorelikOn July 22, 1968, one of the most influential newspapers in the world, The New York Times, published an article by the Soviet physicist Andrei Sakharov "Reflections on Progress, Peaceful Coexistence and Intellectual Freedom." The text, huge on newspaper scale, took up three full pages. The publication was accompanied by a commentary entitled "Sincere Soviet Scientist" and collected a few open information about the author. The publication became a world event …
Dark Energy in the Universe (p. 4-5)Valery RubakovPhysicists love the buzzword. In their midst for some time now it has been customary to give "unscientific" names to newly discovered entities. Take the strange and fascinating quarks. So dark energy is not a synonym for dark forces, but a term coined to denote some of the unusual properties of our Universe.
We are looking for young naturalists who love to hug bumblebees and snakes (p. 6)Innokenty Mironov; Natalia DeminaSummer is a great time for a biological school. Innokenty Mironov, head of the Pilgrim summer school, told Natalia Demina about the history of the creation and everyday life of his project. Recall that in TrV-Nauka No. 256 we published interviews with Fedor Kondrashov (School of Molecular and Theoretical Biology, SMTB), Ivan Oladyshkin (Summer Physics and Mathematics School of IAP RAS) and Danil Fedorovs (LES ILE).
Euro coins: what they are dedicated to – 3 (p. 7)Ilya LeensonIn Italy, design development was treated as an important public matter. A special commission, which also included technical specialists, carefully considered the projects presented by the best Italian artists. The selected works were then presented to the largest television company in the country for public dissemination.
Harmony in your garden (p. 8)Sergey IzhevskyLike any family, any garden grows and changes. This is normal, this is life. But how often do we forget about the interests of our neighbors, which may be contrary to ours. And how rarely do we remember that the Earth is inhabited by no means only people and not only for man was created. Thousands and thousands of the most diverse animals that live near us, claim to consider this garden their own.
The Russian Academy of Sciences has identified two violators of its intellectual rights (p. 8)from the RAS websiteAs you know, the Russian Academy of Sciences has the exclusive right to use the name "Russian Academy of Sciences" (abbreviated as "RAS"). However, there are organizations that use the abbreviation RAS in their name illegally, misleading their clients. Thus, the Russian Academy of Sciences established the facts of illegal use of the registered trademark and the name "RAS" by two companies.
Who are sand fleas (p. 9)Nikita VikhrevAbout who the sand fleas are, I was asked by a friend who was quietly bitten by someone on a beach in Thailand. I scored in the search: "Who are the sand fleas?" – I read a couple of articles and decided that I needed to write a note. A typical article about sand fleas is a story about several completely different animals, as if the animal were one …
Foresight of Historians of Science (p. 10-11)Vadim Zhuravlev; Julia BlackYulia Chernaya spoke with the organizer of the event, Associate Professor of NSU, researcher at the Institute of History of the SB RAS Vadim Zhuravlev, about why the history of science is more relevant today, why historians should participate in a foresight session and how they can help in thinking about the future of science.
White rhino social network (p. 11)Natalia ReznikWhite rhinos have poor eyesight. They rely on other senses, primarily the sense of smell. And, like many mammals, they use manure as scent marks, which is left in certain places where everyone can come and smell.
Demonstration effect of the border (p. 12-13)Alexander Sebentsov; Olga OrlovaThe Institute of Geography of the Russian Academy of Sciences is 100 years old. During this time, geographers from expedition members describing landscapes turned into interdisciplinary specialists in the study of space, operating big data and using new technologies. About how modern geography has changed, Olga Orlova tells a political geographer, Art. scientific. sotr. Institute of Geography Alexander Sebentsov.
Two Approaches to Conservation, or Why Save Rhinoceroses (p. 13)Svyatoslav GorbunovFor modern specialists dealing with the problems of preserving flora and fauna, one of the main issues discussed is undoubtedly the issue of motivation. In its most general form, it can be formulated as follows: is it worth spending a lot of effort and money to preserve rare natural objects if their value for the whole society is not obvious?
See Naples (p. 15)Ekaterina BuzBy coincidence and with the active participation of the authorities in the person of Charles VII, the Kingdom of Naples in the 18th century saw an unprecedented flowering of science and art. They set up a decent university, taught political economy, dug up Pompeii and Herculaneum, and carefully took what they found to a museum. Leaving Naples for the Spanish throne, King Charles VII took off and left the ring found in the excavations … But the main thing was still music.
Reading about Richard Yates (p. 15)Rebekah FrumkinaAmerican critic Blake Bailey has written a comprehensive biography of the writer Richard Yates. I turned to this book, knowing very little about its hero (and absolutely nothing about the author). In genre and style, Bailey’s book is similar to the best examples of our ZhZL – the factual material is balanced by the warmth of the author’s intonation, so that 600 pages of dense text are easy to read.
Browsing the Internet: Russian and Addictiveness of the Virtual World (p. 16)Irina FufaevaThe verb to sit in (with the preposition "in"!) Acquired a new meaning so easily that we did not even notice when it slipped into the language. How did it happen that a new state … activity … but what is there – a new kind of life! – became "sitting in" in Russian?
Balashov, out! (p. 16)Ivan EconomovA wonderful holiday has come to an end – the World Cup. Great game, lots of surprises, guests from all over the world – we will miss all of this. We’ll have to return to everyday life, to everything else that will replace the holiday. Among the messages that sprout from under the beautiful carpet of the holiday, I can mention, in particular, the story of the dismissal of Professor Maxim Balashov from MIPT.
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Sergey Popov,RAS professor"Trinity Option – Science" No. 1 (320), January 12, 2021
During the year, about 15 thousand articles appeared in the astrophysical part of the Archive (arXiv.org). This, of course, is again a record, although the increase compared to 2019 and 2018 is quite small. However, there are plenty to choose from. The main topics of our annual review will be the results of the work of large projects, several high-profile, but not yet fully understood statements of discoveries, exoplanets and, of course, fast radio bursts. However, let’s start with the "planned" results.
All according to plan
The third scientific observation session at LIGO and Virgo has ended
In March 2020, the third session of scientific data collection was completed at the LIGO and Virgo facilities.